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Des Plaines

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Des Plaines is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It has adopted the official nickname of “City of Destiny.” As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,720. It is a suburb of Chicago, and is adjacent to O’Hare International Airport. The Des Plaines River runs through the city, just east of its downtown area. Des Plaines is a very economically diverse city, with home values ranging from $30,000 to more than $1,000,000.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.6 km� (14.5 mi�). Of this, 37.3 km� (14.4 mi�) of it is land and 0.3 km� (0.1 mi�) of it (0.76%) is water. Des Plaines is traversed by two interstate highways – I-90 Northwest Tollway and I-294 Tri-State Tollway.

Des Plaines is named for the Des Plaines River, which flows through it. The name is French, “of the plains”.

Portions of Des Plaines are underlain by the “Des Plaines Disturbance”, an area in which the layers of sedimentary rock are highly abnormal. This probably represents an ancient meteor crater, 75 to 200 feet beneath the town. The bedrock was highly fractured by the impact, with large blocks of sediment upended. The crater was eventually filled by glacial activity, so that no trace now remains on the surface.

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 58,720 people, 22,362 households, and 15,071 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,572.3/km� (4,071.2/mi�). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 611.8/km� (1,584.3/mi�). The racial makeup of the city was 84.44% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 7.65% Asian / Asian American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.64% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 14.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Biggest ancestries: German (21.5%), Polish (18.2%), Irish (13.8%), Italian (10.6%), English (5.2%), Swedish (3.3%).

There are 22,362 households, out of which 29.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $53,638, and the median income for a family was $65,806. Males had a median income of $42,241 versus $30,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,146. About 3.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.